The Thing You Need To Know About A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – this department will include cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this course surrounds five various units of science. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry: the units included in this section are enzymology, endocrinology, toxicology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of the blood cells are the units that are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the other subunits included in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – you can find the assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank in this section.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. For example, some facilities may have one laboratory intended for microbiology while some health institutions might have different labs for each unit without a single lab for microbiology.
Below are a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipments for urinalysis and hermatology.
Microbiology will receive almost any kind of clinical specimen like feces, blood, swabs, sputum, snynovial fluid, possible infected tissues, urine and cerebrospinal fluid. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. The determined organism or organisms and the type and amount of medication that will be prescribed to the patient will be given together with the result.
Different class of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.